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What Does a Fact-Checker do? – 7 Important Things to consider before choosing Fact-Checking Career path

What Does a Fact-Checker do and how to become one?

Fact-checkers frequently work for magazines’ research teams or for television news programs. They carefully review each story to verify all the facts it contains. This could entail verifying a suspect’s age or what the subject allegedly said.

The second line of defense for preventing errors is fact-checkers. The magazine or program has a number of persons who can support the accuracy of the information in the event that someone becomes irate and threatens to sue over the content of a news or feature story.

What Does a Fact-Checker do

Who is a Fact-Checker?

A fact-checker is a specialist who verifies the veracity and accuracy of the information their organization disseminates. They are employable in both the print and broadcast sectors. Fact checkers typically work in the research division of periodicals, publications, book publishers, and television news programs. Here, they verify and gather information from news articles and other sources.
The function of a fact checker is crucial because it protects organizations from lawsuits and preserves their reputation in their sector by ensuring that information that is published or aired is accurate and true.

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What Does a Fact-Checker do: Functions & Responsibilities of a Fact-Checker

The first step in a fact checker’s job is to have solid research techniques and the ability to recognize when a fact has been verified. What Does a Fact-Checker Their obligations include:

  1. A fact-checker must be capable of “confirming details” with a source without diluting or changing the tale itself.
  2. Correcting copy: Fixing typographical, grammatical, and punctuation problems.
  3. Confirm historical information“: Dates of past events are just as significant as dates of present-day happenings.
  4. Confirm data” could refer to cited research and survey findings.
  5. Confirm identities” means that the names, addresses, and identities of sources who have been cited must be verified. This includes making sure that the sources have actually stated or suggested the things that are being ascribed to them without frightening them or causing them to recant their remarks.

Job Prospects

In this modern age, print media is becoming less and less relevant, yet journalism and information are not going away; they are just taking on new forms. Regardless of technology, fact-checkers should be demanded on a regular basis.

Work Environment

All publications have deadlines, which can put pressure on authors to complete tasks fast without sacrificing accuracy.

Job Scheduling

Whether this is a part-time or full-time job, deadlines must be fulfilled, which occasionally necessitates working extra hours. Weekend news events continue, therefore this isn’t always a job that only exists from Monday to Friday.

Education, Training, and Certification Required

Even though most fact-checkers with little experience start out in entry-level roles, education is still crucial to getting hired for one of these occupations.

Education: A bachelor’s degree is preferable, while an associate degree is the minimal need. English, communications, or journalism are suggested majors. According to Salary Expert, only 2% of all fact-checkers possess simply a high school diploma. Around 68 percent of people have bachelor’s degrees, and 30 percent have doctoral or master’s degrees.

Certifications: In general, no certifications are necessary for employment in this profession.

Fact-Checkers Salaries

The pay for this position can vary greatly depending on years of experience and employer size. Based only on circulation earnings, a major metropolitan news organization will often pay more than a suburban publication. These numbers represent averages for the United States and may not be applicable everywhere.

  1. $61,890 on average per year ($29.27 per hour)
  2. Average starting pay at entry level is $44,703 ($21.49/hour).
  3. Senior-level salaries on average are $76,121 ($36.59/hour).

Also Read: What you need to know about being a Video Game Designer: 8 Soft Skills Required

What Does a Fact-Checker do

Competencies & Skills of a Fact-Checker

  1. To assure an article’s accuracy, a fact-checker must rely on two skills: independent research and reporting abilities. However, other abilities can make someone more suitable for this vocation.
  2. Interpersonal Skills: A fact-checker frequently speaks with sources to confirm facts, which calls for interpersonal skills. A fact-checker must treat sources delicately because part of a journalist’s job involves persuading people to say things they may not want to say. This is necessary to prevent sources from changing their opinions after the fact.
  3. Math: It is the duty of fact-checkers to ensure that any equations or numbers that are cited are accurate.
  4. Computer skills: When deadlines are tight and there is a 24-hour news cycle, being able to navigate the internet and conduct effective searches might be essential.
  5. Information cannot be skimmed over; it must be paid attention to. Just like a far more complicated and less clear argument, a statement like “Dogs like to bark” merits some thought.

Things to consider before choosing Fact-Checking Career path

1. Find out how misconceptions spread and the best ways to rectify them.

There is a ton of study on how individuals alter their opinions on social media (it happens) and what forms work best for fact-checking. The relationship between partisan prejudice and factual belief, belief echos, social media echo chambers, and the impact of fact-checking on politicians are other topics you should become aware with. Make sure you comprehend how readers and politicians will respond to your fact-checking if you genuinely want to make a difference.

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2. Decide what you want to fact-check and with whom.

Avoid overextending yourself and setting unrealistic expectations for your readers. If you are a two- or three-person team, focus on a select group of important public individuals or subjects and consistently cover them. Even with larger teams, make sure to set boundaries for what you will and won’t cover so that readers can use your website as a resource they can turn to rather than a disorganized jumble of fact checks. Making your potential sample of fact-checkable claims too big will only make it harder to overcome selection bias.

3. Make a methodology public and establish it.

Although fact-checking is quite easy to explain, it can be challenging to implement consistently. Make it clear which sources are trustworthy and which aren’t; if you assign ratings, explain very clearly how they are assigned and what the differences between them are. Decide how you will choose claims in a way that will minimize potential bias and maximize utility for readers and impact on politicians. In your media context, be sure to have the most open and truthful corrections policy possible when publishing your methodology. Both of these things will be useful if you encounter opposition from politicians or party members.

4. Verify every information, but be willing to acknowledge your ignorance.

In order to verify a claim, fact-checkers should consult any primary source, whether it be the UN or a peer-reviewed journal, with the same level of healthy skepticism. You won’t be able to verify some claims; in other cases, you’ll need to be explicit about what can and cannot be verified using the information at hand.

5. Think about the formats that will enable you to make the biggest impact.

Hypertext is a favorite of fact-checkers because it enables them to add more context and give proper credit to complicated articles. Yet dense text is not always the best way to reach different audiences. Alternatives could include appearing on TV and adopting formats that appeal to younger audiences, such GIFs, animated videos, and Snapchat, as well as collaborating with a major media organization that would publish condensed versions of your fact checks.

6. Become financially independent of the election cycle.

During tense campaigns, funders and clients may be especially open to supporting your work, but they may become abruptly less interested when the election is finished (as if politicians stop distorting the truth after the vote is cast, or it becomes less important to hold them accountable). Before you launch, make sure you get long-term finance or buy-in; otherwise, you won’t have the time or energy to do so before it’s too late.

7. Form a fantastic team.

You won’t succeed in fact-checking without a community of serious colleagues who genuinely share its public service objective, which may be true of any human effort. Although a mix of academic and professional experience is absolutely beneficial, you don’t need to be an expert in everything. You do need a team of inquisitive generalists with the correct motivation. You won’t get very far by yourself either because every fact-checker needs someone else to verify their own work. The better, the more inspection.

FAQs about Fact-Checking Career

What does journalism validation entail?

Fact-checkers and other journalists employ the editorial method of "verification" to assess a statement's accuracy.

What Does Fact-Checking Entail?

A procedure known as fact-checking aims to confirm factual information in order to support the accuracy and validity of reporting. Before or after the content is published or otherwise distributed, fact-checking can be done.

Which type of verification is most common?

The most organized and formal sort of verification process is an Inspection.

What are the 4 verification methods?

The four fundamental methods of verification are Inspection, Demonstration, Test, and Analysis. The four methods are somewhat hierarchical in nature, as each verifies requirements of a product or system with increasing rigor

What Does a Fact-Checker do


The path to become a fact checker can be difficult, just like many careers in journalism. People could find it challenging to find job in this sector because it can be quite competitive, especially in the beginning. Aspiring fact checkers should continuously developing their skills and make an effort to set attainable objectives that can be attained incrementally.

Every assignment should be viewed as a learning opportunity, and it pays to approach everyone as a potential resource and connection. Courteous fact checkers are just as in demand as comprehensive, highly trained fact checkers.



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