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How to Become a Web Developer – All the Information You Need

How to Become a Web Developer. Our daily lives are heavily influenced by technology, from the most basic apps to the most ground-breaking creations.

A developer created every website or piece of software we come across, but what exactly is web development?

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In this article on how to become a web developer, all of these questions will be addressed.

It may appear to outsiders to be a challenging, perplexing, and largely inaccessible field. We’ve thus put up the best introduction to web development and what it takes to become a professional web developer in order to throw some light on this interesting business.

What is web development?

Building websites and applications for the internet or a private intranet network is referred to as web development.

The design of a website isn’t really a focus of web development; rather, it’s all about the code and programming that underpin the website’s operation. All of the online tools we use on a daily basis, from the most basic static web pages to social media platforms and applications, e-commerce websites to content management systems (CMS), have been created by developers.

Web development vs software engineering

The terminology and buzzwords, especially those for the position itself, present a barrier to people interested in learning how to become a web developer.

Software engineers, web developers, and software developers are all titles that people use to introduce themselves. Do they differ significantly from one another?

Although web developers often focus on internet-based technologies and software engineers on operating systems, the truth is a little bit different. Which name is used might vary depending on the location, industry, and firm as both positions share programming languages and technology.

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Types of web development

Client-side (Frontend)

Everything that the end user directly interacts with is referred to as client-side scripting, also known as frontend development.

When frontend code is run in a web browser, it immediately affects what website visitors view. The frontend is what controls things like layout, fonts, colors, menus, and contact forms.

Backend (Server-side)

Backend development, often known as server-side programming, is all about what happens in the background.

A website’s backend is essentially the portion that users never see. It is in charge of maintaining data organization and storage as well as client-side functionality. In order to accomplish this, it speaks with the front end.

The browser sends a request to the server-side whenever something occurs on the client-side, such as when a user fills out a form. The frontend code from the server-side “responds” with pertinent data, which the browser can then understand and display.

Database technology

All the files and content required for a website to run are stored in the database in a form that makes it simple to access, organize, modify, and save. The relational database management system (RDBMS), which is used by the majority of websites, runs on a server and houses the database.

To put it simply, the frontend, backend, and database technologies all interact to create and maintain a fully functional website or application, and these three layers together make up the core of web development.

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Difference between web development and web design

Similar to software engineering, the terms “web development” and “web design” are sometimes used interchangeably, however they refer to fundamentally different activities. Imagine a web designer and web developer collaborating to create a vehicle; the developer would be in charge of all the functional elements, such as the engine, wheels, and gears.

The designer would be in charge of both the car’s aesthetics—its appearance, dashboard layout, and seat design—and the user experience it offers, including how comfortable the ride is.

The style and feel of a website are created by web designers. They design the website’s layout, making sure it is logical, user-friendly, and enjoyable to use.

They take into account all the various visual components and ponder things like:

What fonts and color palettes will be employed?
Which scrollbars, drop-down menus, and buttons should be present, and where?
The user interacts with which interactive touchpoints to go from point A to point B.
In deciding what content will be included and where it should be displayed, web design also takes the information architecture of the website into account.

It is such a large topic, web design is frequently divided into more specialized positions like information architecture, user interface design, and user experience design.

The task of creating this design into a live, fully functional website falls to the web developer. A frontend developer uses coding languages like HTML, CSS, and JavaScript (more on those later!) to build the visual design that the web designer has provided. The most sophisticated features of the website, such the checkout process on an e-commerce site, are built by a backend developer.

In a nutshell, the web developer is the builder or engineer, whereas the web designer is the architect.

What does a web developer do?

Web developers use their coding and programming skills to create, organize, and launch websites. Their typical tasks frequently consist of:

  • Making effective code
  • Combining HMTL and CSS, two common programming languages, to create websites
  • Advising clients or other stakeholders on the functions, purposes, design, and objectives of websites
  • Creating dynamic, interactive websites with JavaScript and other languages
  • Upkeep of software documentation and investigation of various web development tools
  • Creating aesthetically pleasing websites in collaboration with graphic designers, copywriters, and other web developers
  • Making backup preparations in case a website crashes unexpectedly
  • Completing tasks that improve and grow the website when it goes online
  • Directing a group of programmers to develop, implement, and manage the website
  • Identifying and fixing flaws that cause a website to load slowly and other issues

How to become a web developer

Formal schooling, work experience, building a resume and portfolio, and, in some situations, obtaining extra certifications are all requirements for skilled web developers. Learn more about each step’s potential to help you progress your career below.

1. Earn a degree

A future web developer must first finish school to gain the fundamental knowledge of coding and programming. Typically, this is a computer science degree program including foundational courses in data management, systems design, and the key programming languages utilized by professionals in the field.

While earning a bachelor’s degree in computer science may take four years, an associate degree usually takes two years to finish. A master’s or a doctorate, which require more study beyond a bachelor’s degree, may be needed for senior-level positions.

Employer and industry-specific requirements for education levels vary. While a bachelor’s degree will provide you access to a wider range of jobs and better position you for promotion, an associate degree or certificate will still allow you to get entry-level employment in web development.

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2. Go after an internship

As a fresh web developer, getting a good internship gives you valuable work experience. Learners get the ability to put their knowledge into practice and acquire new skills through internship possibilities as they interact with clients and work with other developers.

Internship opportunities are offered by certain degree programs for web developers. Ask people in your professional network for placements if your program does not offer them. For aspiring web developers, employers and business partners frequently support internship programs.

3. Create a Portfolio

Potential employers will be drawn to an updated portfolio that showcases the caliber and scope of your achievements. When applying, certain companies could ask for a portfolio.

Materials from capstone courses, finished projects from prior internships, and components of ongoing side projects all make excellent portfolio additions. Programs for web developers frequently offer tools and chances to construct useful portfolios.

4. Acquire certifications

Web development certificates provide several clear benefits. These courses verify any additional abilities or coding know-how students may have and keep professionals up to date on the most recent advancements in this constantly changing industry. Additionally, a certificate can help job seekers in their search.

Some colleges provide front-end or full-stack web development standalone certificates. On the other hand, organizations like Microsoft, Adobe, and Amazon provide certificates based on exams in fields like JavaScript and cloud development. Similar opportunities exist for Zend PHP training. Each provider has different requirements for certification renewal.

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5. Creating Your Resume 

Every aspiring web developer requires a résumé that is clear and detailed. Knowing how to create a resume that effectively communicates your value and worth is crucial because this document serves as an extension of your professional identity.

Successful resumes emphasize the abilities and credentials that set applicants apart from other job hopefuls. Candidates should mention their knowledge of coding languages and programming, as well as their schooling, work history, and any other technical expertise or industry certifications.

Certifications for web developers

Web developers can obtain a variety of certifications in addition to the certificate education path to hone their abilities and show their knowledge to potential employers and clients. Some of the most popular certifications for this professional path are listed below:

Red Hat certifications

These certifications, which are supported by the same-named software organization, evaluate a candidate’s understanding of particular tools, procedures, and skills utilized with Red Hat software. The majority of Red Hat certifications involve passing an exam, and the company offers a variety of training materials to assist applicants. Depending on their area of expertise, company, and career objectives, web developers may benefit from one of the many certifications Red Hat offers.

Oracle certification

Oracle, a leader in computer technology, provides numerous levels of certification for those looking to evaluate their Java proficiency. Candidates for each level must pass an exam that gauges their proficiency with Java coding techniques. These tests can be taken online in a proctored session.

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Professional Scrum Developer certification

Scrum is a project management methodology that many technology teams use to coordinate and streamline output. The certification can be used by developers to work on web development or web-based application projects. In order to evaluate and authenticate their proficiency in using Scrum principles for task delegation and problem-solving, professionals can sit for the Professional Scrum Developer certification exam.

FAQs on How to Become a Web Developer

How long does it take to become a web developer?

Web development bootcamps typically take 3-4 months to complete and teach all the skills you need to qualify for a web developer job. Learning web development from online courses could take anywhere from a single month to several years, depending on how much time you devote to your courses.

Can I learn web development on my own?

Yes, it's absolutely possible to self-learn Web Development, I being a self-taught Full Stack Web Developer myself would state that to learn web-development one would need to master its two aspects - front-end and back-end.

Is it hard to study web developer?

Most people can learn web development fundamentals in a few months and land an entry-level job even if they had no experience beforehand. No matter your current schedule or comfort level with web development, plenty of tools are available to help make learning more manageable than you might think.

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