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How to Become a Speech Therapist

How to Become a Speech Therapist. When most people think of speech-language pathology, they typically think of ways to overcome speech difficulties, but speech therapy—or speech-language pathology as it is more well known—is a far broader field. Speech therapists may evaluate, diagnose, and treat problems related to fluency, the capacity to communicate ideas and thoughts, comprehending others, or even swallowing correctly.

Furthermore, they are not little difficulties. Communication difficulties make learning new material both inside and outside of the classroom challenging. It is difficult to establish relationships, especially in the case of swallowing issues, it interferes with social situations.

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Speech therapists assist in the early detection and prevention of communication disorders, identify children who may be at risk, evaluate students’ communication abilities, and create specialized education plans for those who require them. Because speech-language pathologists are so important to education, a lot of SLPs choose to work in educational settings.

What does a speech therapist do?

A speech therapist’s duties can change depending on their position, company, and level of experience. You may have a lot of administrative and record-keeping work to do at small clinics. You may need to concentrate your attention on the patients in huge hospital departments. Typically, a speech therapist’s responsibilities include:

  • Screening, assessing, mitigating, and diagnosing problems related to speech, language, and swallowing
  • Use of tried-and-true methods or novel, creative therapies
  • Setting up and carrying out speech treatment appointments
  • Evaluating patients’ progress and making necessary adjustments to treatment protocols
  • Executing treatment plans and drug regimens that are prescribed by doctors
  • Evaluating, organizing, and using speech treatment methods
  • Sharing treatment plans with educators, other healthcare professionals, and patients’ families
  • Monitoring, coaching, and supervising speech therapy trainees and entry-level employees
  • Researching, going to events, and expanding your professional network
  • Teaching people with speech difficulties, their families, and the general public

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What Is a Speech Pathologist?

Among many other duties, speech pathologists, also known as speech-language pathologists (SLPs) or speech therapists, work with individuals of all ages to cure swallowing difficulties and enhance communication skills.

There are many different places where speech pathologists work, including private practices, medical offices, schools, hospitals, and residential care institutions like nursing homes.

Steps to Becoming a Speech Pathologist

1. Get a degree in bachelor’s

A bachelor’s degree might be a fantastic starting point for pursuing a profession in speech therapy. This is due to the requirement that graduates of undergraduate or graduate programs approved by the HCPC (Health and Care Professions Council) be employed as speech therapists. English, psychology, language development, communication sciences and disorders, education, or linguistics are common majors for undergraduate speech therapists. Even while some individuals enter speech therapy from other fields, pursuing a degree that is specifically focused on speech therapy or closely related to it can increase your chances of landing a job.

2. Take a master’s course of study.

In certain regions of the United Kingdom, candidates seeking employment in speech therapy—in clinics or schools—are required to hold a master’s degree in speech-language pathology, or SPL. Because this degree includes components for both internships and clinical experiences, employers particularly respect it. Pursuing postgraduate studies in speech therapy might improve your chances of obtaining a comprehensive and practical education. Among other possible courses, the coursework focuses on language development, anatomy, and physiology.

The average duration of a postgraduate degree is one to two years. It can be a good idea to keep up with the latest research by continuing your skill development, either in-person or online, once you graduate and begin your first paid job.

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3. Finish your clinical fellowship.

Your first position in the field following a master’s degree will probably be a clinical fellowship. Fellowships are one-year programs that serve as a bridge between academic studies and clinical practice. As a fellow, you will have the opportunity to advance your knowledge and abilities under the guidance of a practicing certified speech-language pathologist.

4. Submit an apprenticeship application

Enrolling in a speech and language therapy apprenticeship program is an additional means of training to become a speech therapist. In order to be eligible for the apprenticeship program, you must typically have five GCSEs in science, math, and English at grade 4 (about comparable to a C), as well as two to three A-levels or equivalent. A practice license is usually also required, and it can be obtained by registering with the HCPC. You can work as an assistant or apply directly for apprenticeships once you have your practice license.

5. Acquire expertise in the field

Work placement possibilities are a common feature of pre-registration courses. To enroll in these courses, you might, nevertheless, need to have some work experience. With the most placements is the National Health Service (NHS). To inquire about opportunities, students might get in touch with the speech and language therapy departments at public clinics or hospitals.

To gain experience in speech therapy, it can be beneficial to look into all of your possibilities, as there are opportunities in other fields as well. For instance, students may usually find private practitioners ready to assist them in gaining work experience across the nation. By volunteering, students might also gain some experience. Organizations such as the Stroke Association frequently visit colleges to find volunteers among the student body.

6. Obtain a permit

To practice, speech therapists must have a license. Different jurisdictions have different licensing requirements, and you’ll probably need to provide documentation of your clinical experience. Teaching experience can be important if you decide to pursue a career in education.

Qualities of a speech therapist

All effective speech therapists have a wide range of characteristics. They are essential to successfully handling your workload, building a meaningful rapport with patients, and eventually being successful in your profession as a speech therapist. Having these traits will make you stand out from the competition while applying to competitive postgraduate programs or jobs in clinics.


As a speech therapist, you typically have the training necessary to provide your services in a variety of situations. Private residences, medical facilities, public and private schools, research institutes, and rehabilitation centers are a few examples of these environments. If your background is varied, you may also be able to handle a wide range of personalities and speech difficulties.

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One of the most important aspects of a speech therapist’s job is persistence. If you want your patients to get better, you can utilize tenacity to work as hard as you can with each one of them. Gaining proficiency in this area may allow you to work with patients who require further assistance.


Compassion is typically necessary in this sphere of work, as it is in many other professions in the medical industry. This is due to the fact that working with patients who may require more time in therapy or extra attention can make empathy and patience extremely useful.


Keeping abreast on changes within your sector might be crucial. You can strive to take advantage of any chance to hone your abilities in order to achieve this. For instance, you can register for public speaking engagements centered around your field, enroll for continuing education programs, and go to annual professional conferences both domestically and abroad.


Every day, speech therapists consult with a diverse spectrum of clients. Patients, relatives, instructors, and other medical professionals may fall within this category. You may provide better care for your patients and clients by utilizing the information and assistance that those in your immediate vicinity can provide.


It can be beneficial for speech therapists to be well-versed in a variety of topics pertaining to their field. These subjects might or might not be medical. When it comes to learning additional abilities, speech therapists frequently concentrate on linguistics, neurology, and communication.

Be patient.

Patients may need more time to finish speech treatment. Developing patience will help you be composed and encouraging when dealing with patients that need a lot of your time and may move slowly.

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