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How to Become a Doctor in Canada in 2023

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How to Become a Doctor in Canada. Due to the coronavirus pandemic’s delays, Bill Gardner was unable to schedule an appointment in March 2020 to have his sore throat evaluated. Gardner wasn’t examined until four months later, when he started coughing up blood. If Gardner had been tested promptly and treated right away, his cancer might not have been as serious. It wasn’t that there wasn’t a doctor to care for him; rather, it was because the doctors were caring for people with serious ailments. Hence, the widespread COVID-19 outbreak made Canada aware of their medical shortage. This increases the number of medical jobs available in Canada.

If you believe that working in medicine is for you, you should be aware of the quickest way to become a doctor in Canada because there is a position open there.

Almost 4.5 million Americans, according to Statistics Canada, do not have family doctors. The Canadian Health Authorities are also actively seeking for physicians from other nations to fill the gaps. As the population grows, doctors are among the most in-demand occupations. So, learning how to become a doctor in Canada is critical.

We will highlight the top medical schools to attend and what it takes to become a doctor in Canada while concentrating on how to become a doctor faster.

Read: Florida State University Acceptance Rate

Why Become a Doctor in Canada?

A doctor’s reasons for choosing the “Medical Profession” will likely go beyond the “flexibility of hours” that is frequently mentioned on websites.

Approximately 100 American doctors have moved to Windsor, Ontario, in recent years. International migration has also increased the number of doctors and physicians in the nation, according to the Canadian Institute for Health Information. Doctors might choose a job in Canada for a variety of benefits, including work-life balance, flexible hours, and growth opportunities.

The following are some of the main advantages of training to be a doctor in Canada:

Hours are flexible

In Canada, medical professionals can work standard business hours, evening hours (4–9 pm), shift work, and call (day, overnight, or weekend). Some doctors sign contracts that could involve calls, evening or night shifts, and situations with a higher level of tempo. Your level of job flexibility as a doctor in Canada relies on what you decide to accomplish.

Work Contentment

When Canadian doctors use their medical expertise and training to enhance the lives of their patients, they feel tremendous fulfillment. So, becoming a doctor in Canada will enable you to focus on the subspecialty of medicine that most interests and rewards you personally. For instance, doctors who specialize in surgery can identify difficult medical disorders, then carry out procedures and create cutting-edge surgical methods.

Although general practitioners are well regarded in their communities and treat a wide range of illnesses. Finding your medical specialty might help you find a career that properly matches your interests and qualifications. Ultimately, the balance of your job will depend on your career path as a doctor in Canada.

Education Quality

The medical model is used to train doctors in Canada, so they are taught how to think critically, use medical jargon, and correctly diagnose problems. Depending on your study level, a doctor’s education in Canada can be completed in as little as five years.

Work Safety

After your studies, finding employment in Canada is not difficult. In the majority of Canadian cities, opportunities for doctors and physicians exist. The BLS predicts that the demand for doctors in Canada will rise by 13% between 2016 and 2026, which is a greater rate of growth than the average for all other occupations. Moreover, there were 91,375 doctors in Canada in 2019, or 241 doctors for every 100,000 people. Around 50% of Canada’s 713,800 doctors are family practitioners. But many medical professionals are switching from being family doctors to working at prestigious hospitals.

High-Paying Jobs

In Canada, a doctor’s salary can buy them excellent amenities like large homes, nice automobiles, decent education for their kids, and a pleasant lifestyle. reports that the typical annual compensation for physicians in Canada is C$147,080, which is higher than the worldwide average.

What Knowledge and Skills Are Need to Work as a Doctor in Canada?

In order to practice medicine professionally in Canada, you need a specified skill set. According to your job description, you require the following abilities to be effective:

  • To complete the necessary academic preparation and to continue studying throughout one’s life, one needs intellectual competence.
  • Ability to build confidence in others and get along with them Ability to maintain energy over long periods of time Ability to function well in a healthcare team Emotional fortitude and maturity
  • Excellent communication abilities, the capacity to solve difficulties, and the capacity to organize the efforts of others.
  • There are many different kinds of doctors in Canada, including specialists in allergy care, anesthesia, cardiology, colon and rectal surgery, critical care medicine, gastroenterology, geriatric medicine, and family practice.

Also Read: Penn State University Transfer Acceptance Rate

What do Canadian doctors need to meet in order to practice?

Many Canadian institutions demand a high school curriculum that includes science, chemistry, or biology classes. Some, on the other hand, don’t care what undergraduate degree you have as long as the program will help you in your future profession as a doctor. Canada has more than seventeen medical schools, located all around the country. Many of them have residence restrictions, therefore most of the applications they admit are from within the state. Nevertheless, some universities offer overseas students admissions slots, though they are often small and have higher entrance standards. Also, the MCATs (Medical College Admission Exam) are used by the majority of Canadian colleges to evaluate applications. Moreover, MCAT exams are given throughout the year.

The MCAT scores are always one of the key requirements, albeit each school has its own policy regarding how they are used. Because not all Canadian medical schools require the MCAT score, it is important to check the school’s admission requirements before applying. Most medical schools also want transcripts, essays, and personal interviews from applicants. You carefully examine the admission standards of each institution to make sure you are qualified to apply. It’s important to keep in mind that only 25% of applicants to Canadian medical schools are admitted, so having strong credentials and a strong university GPA will be to your advantage.

An undergraduate degree, official transcripts, essays, personal interviews, and MCAT scores are the main prerequisites for becoming a doctor in Canada.

In Canada, What Degree Is Required to Become a Doctor?

The majority of Canadian medical schools adhere to a four-year curriculum. The noteworthy exceptions are McMaster University and the University of Calgary. These institutions provide uninterrupted three-year degrees. Pre-clinical settings are where students spend their first two years. This implies that students study topics linked to medicine, like those listed below:

  • Pharmacology
  • Ethics
  • Physiology
  • Microbiology
  • Physiology
  • Anatomy

In the third and fourth years of medical school, clerkships are finished. Both important medical specialties and a range of medical professions are available to students. Also, students are involved in the daily care of patients.

What High School Subjects Are Required for Medical School in Canada?

Students who want to study medicine must have a bachelor’s degree. These degrees require coursework in physics, organic chemistry, chemistry, and biology. The following courses are also required by many universities:

  • Math
  • Statistics
  • Humanities
  • Social Science
  • Biochemistry

To be admitted to medical school, students may not necessarily need to major in biology or chemistry. Only the prerequisite courses must have been successfully completed. Certain Canadian colleges don’t have any particular prerequisites for introductory courses. However, it is a good idea to take most of the aforementioned subjects.

How Much Does a Canadian Medical Degree Cost?

Being accepted into Canadian medical schools is the first challenge. The next issue is finding a way to pay for it. You must budget for medical school because it is expensive in Canada. It’s not our intention to scare you, but rather to make you informed of what to expect.

How much does it actually cost to become a doctor in Canada?

Obviously, that depends on whatever medical school you decide to enroll in. The annual costs for Canadian citizens range from roughly $6,000 to $16,000. And about $20,000 for students from abroad. The price of attending medical school in Canada varies greatly amongst institutions. Sometimes the length of your program can even affect the cost.

Yes! In Canada, medical colleges are very expensive. You have a lot of expenses, including tuition, rent, and living costs. To address this, the Canadian government offers financial aid and scholarships to medical students.

Below is a list of Canadian medical schools along with their price tags:

Medical Schools in Canada

Tuition for Canadian Students Tuition for International Other Compulsory Fees
Alberta $11,714 N/A $1,043
UBC $15,457 N/A $208-$865
Calgary $14,600 N/A $793
Dalhousie $13,818 $21,078 $908
Laval $3,240/$8,879 $25,317 $714
Manitoba $7,499 N/A $984
McGill $4,825/$13,224 $37,705 $2,553
McMaster $20,831 $108,546 $737
Memorial $6,250 $30,000 $1,140
Montréal $3,102/$8,501 $24,239 $1,355
Ottawa $18,117 N/A $902
Northern Ontario $17,200 N/A $1,750-$2,050
Queen’s $18,228 N/A $912
Saskatchewan $12,276 N/A $697
Sherbrooke $3,170*/$9,494 $25,582 $1,081
Toronto $18,424 $51,051 $1,509
Western $17,722 N/A $973


How to Become a Doctor in Canada: Step-by-Step Guide

In Canada, being a doctor or physician calls for talent, endurance, a thirst for knowledge, and a lifelong dedication to enhancing patient health. As doctors are so important to the health care system, a great number of people rely on their knowledge and abilities. In Canada, becoming a doctor may be both demanding and rewarding.
You must understand how to become a doctor in Canada if you believe that practicing medicine is what you want to do.

1. Get a college degree

Getting a degree from an approved university is the first step in becoming a doctor in Canada. This must be a bachelor’s degree, and the majority of medical schools prefer that your education be grounded in science.

Even though it’s not required, as some people believe, a bachelor’s degree improves your knowledge of biology and chemistry on a fundamental level. Nonetheless, the majority of Canadian medical schools offer a list of necessary classes, the majority of which are science classes. Therefore make sure you enroll in these classes while you’re a student.

2. Take a test of entrance

The MCAT (Medical College Admission Test) is another crucial stage that many medical schools around the country will require you to complete.

3. Attend medical school

The third and final stage to becoming a doctor in Canada is to enroll in medical school. There are 17 medical schools in Canada overall, although the majority of them only accept students who are Canadian residents or citizens.

In Canada, medical schools typically endure four years; the first two are spent in the classroom and lab, while the final two are spent at a hospital. Working with patients here will be closely supervised by qualified doctors.

4. Pass your licensing exam 

The next step is passing the licensing exam after having finished your four years of training at a medical school. Before you can effectively practice as a doctor in Canada, you must demonstrate your knowledge and skill in this regard.

The Medical Council of Canada Evaluation Examination (MCCEE) is the most difficult test that medical students will ever take. Exams set by the Canadian Medical Council are required of students in their last year of study. Each medical student cannot get licensed in Canada without passing this exam. Students should use a variety of study techniques to start planning and studying early.

5. Finish your residency.

After passing the MCCEE exam and receiving your license, Canadian law requires you to finish a residency program before you can begin properly practicing. The idea is to help newly qualified doctors learn from more seasoned ones and adjust to their new career paths.

Family doctors must complete their residency within two years, whereas specialists must complete their training within more than four years. In Canada, it takes ten years of study and residency to become a doctor. Yet if you work hard enough, you can become one of the following successful doctors in Canada.

Where Can a Canadian Doctor Work?

Many employment options are available in Canada. Whether you choose to work in a hospital, become a family doctor, or become a general practitioner will determine where you will work. Yet no matter what you decide, you can always find a job. Because they are one of the most sought-after professions in Canada, as opposed to other nations, doctors. In Canada, doctors often work in private practice, which may include clinics, hospitals, and team practices.

Although there are jobs available all around Canada, including in large cities like Toronto and Vancouver, the demand is greatest in rural and outlying metropolitan areas. 18% of Albertans and 26% of Quebeckers lack a primary care physician, respectively.

According to current study, Saskatchewan and Prince Edward Island have the fewest physicians and doctors, whereas Nova Scotia, Newfoundland & Labrador, and Quebec have the most. As a result, focus on rural locations in Canada that have a higher need for family doctors and other sorts of physicians when looking for the ideal spot to work. Throughout the coming years, it is still anticipated that employment for doctors in Canada would rise as the population of the nation continues to rise.

How much does a doctor make on average in Canada?

The province you reside in, your area of speciality, and the place you work all affect how much money a doctor makes in Canada. Hence, a wide range of factors influence the pay of doctors in Canada.

Some of them are as follows:

Patients in Number

There are several sources that contribute to the average doctor pay in Canada. The first one is derived from the amount that physicians charge the government each service.

The number of patients they can see each day, the service they offer, and the province from which they operate will all affect the average compensation under this approach. 97 percent of Canadian doctors practice under the fee-for-service paradigm, according to the Canadian Institute for Health Information.

According to this model, a doctor’s hourly pay in Canada will vary depending on the quantity of patients they see each hour, the province in which they practice, and the amount they can charge each patient. The average cost per service for a family doctor was $47, for a medical specialist it was $82, and for a surgical specialist it was $89, according to the CIHI.


The average doctor’s pay in Canada is influenced by the number of patients, just as it is by speciality. Hence, highly specialized medical sectors will demand greater compensation but also require longer hours. In terms of expertise, there are additional elements that impact a doctor’s compensation. These higher-paying professions necessitate more years of education, longer workweeks, and more demanding working conditions.

The average pay for a doctor in Canada as of 2018 was $481,000 for a surgical specialist, $360,000 for a medical specialist, and 281,000 for family doctors. In Canada, medical professionals earn anything between $278,000 for psychiatrists and over $769,000 for ophthalmologists.

The following list of 20 excellent weekend jobs for students includes after-school activities.

Where in Canada Can You Learn to Become a Doctor?

Canada has topped the list of nations with the highest living standards for the past four years. Everything is covered, including housing, education, and the environment. It is becoming a well-liked location for people looking for new possibilities and better employment experiences because to factors like its welcoming environments for immigrants, elegant cities, and active lifestyle. Students who want to succeed in medical school must be dedicated and well-prepared as it is a hard and competitive atmosphere.

Ontario is home to the majority of medical schools in Canada.

  • Dalhousie University, Faculty of Medicine
  • The University of Alberta, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry
  • The University of British Columbia, Faculty of Medicine
  • Laval University, Faculty of Medicine
  • The University of Calgary, Faculty of Medicine
  • The University of Manitoba, Faculty of Medicine
  • McGill University, Faculty of Medicine
  • The University of Montreal, Faculty of Medicine
  • The University of Ottawa, Faculty of Medicine
  • McMaster University, Faculty of Health Sciences
  • The University of Saskatchewan, College of Medicine
  • The University of Sherbrooke, Faculty of Medicine
  • The Memorial University of Newfoundland, Faculty of Medicine
  • Queen’s University, Faculty of Medicine
  • The University of Toronto, Faculty of Medicine
  • The University of Western Ontario, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry


Students who want to thrive in medical school must be prepared and dedicated to the rigorous and competitive atmosphere. Students can obtain the educational tools they need to meet the prerequisites for medical school through extensive undergraduate degree programs. Additionally, the school’s student-centered approach aids in developing the well-rounded students needed in this ambitious sector.

Science programs are meant to give students an all-encompassing science education for individuals who want to study the sciences more thoroughly before attending medical school. Science students benefit from small courses, one-on-one engagement with their teachers, lab experience (including hands-on laboratories in your first year), and outstanding co-op options.

In Canada, being a doctor requires years of study and a commitment to lifelong learning. If this area of study appeals to you, give it another look. You can become a doctor in Canada faster if you have a better understanding of what it takes to qualify and become a doctor.

FAQs on How to Become a Doctor in Canada

How many years does it take to become a doctor in Canada?

To become a doctor in Canada, you have to study hard and give your best efforts for at least ten years in this entire process, in both studies and residency.

Is becoming doctor difficult in Canada?

Becoming a doctor in Canada is often considered to be a difficult and arduous process. You have to prepare for months, take a series of tests, gain admission into medical school, and work your way through the ranks of patient care before you can become a member of the Royal College of Physicians.

Can foreigners become doctors in Canada?

To apply for a residency position, international medical graduates need to pass the National Assessment Collaboration (NAC) Examination. This exam is administered twice a year and offered only in Canada.

How long is MBBS in Canada?

In Canada, MBBS is named as Doctor of Medicine, and bachelor's level courses including UGME, BSc Medicine, Bachelor of Medical Science, and others. In Canada, MBBS is a three- to four-year degree, and there are also medicine degrees in Medicine, Dentistry, Nursing, Pharmacy, and other fields.

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